The latest Impact away from Kurdish and you can Turkish into the Jewish Neo-Aramaic Dialect away from Persian Azerbaijan while the Adjacent Places
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Meehan, Charles, and you will Jacqueline Alon. 1979. This new Son Whoever Tunic Caught to Your: An effective Folktale on the Jewish Neo-Aramaic Dialect from Zakho (Iraqi Kurdistan). Israel China Knowledge nine:174-203.
Sabar, Yona. 1976. Lel-Huza: Story and you can Background when you look at the a cycle away from Lamentations on Ninth off Abdominal from the Jewish Neo-Aramaic Dialect out of Zakho https://datingranking.net/tr/glint-inceleme/. JSS -62.
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Several other foundation complicating the situation is the differential has an effect on of individuals co-territorial dialects. The brand new dialect variations contained in this Kurdish are significant, also to their effect are traced some of the variation among NENA languages. Such as for example, the latest Jewish Neo-Aramaic out-of Halabja, for instance the Kurdish of urban area, does not distinguish a present and you may coming stressful, however, in which Kurdish preserves such a significant difference, therefore really does Neo-Aramaic. Within the Azerbaijan, Turkish keeps exerted strong affect the fresh Jewish dialect (Garbell 1965b), and the languages of your plain from Mosul show a robust influence out-of Arabic perhaps not viewed elsewhere.
Tkhuma (Tx): The text out-of descendants out-of emigrants from 1 of the partial-separate ashirets from southeast Turkey, now resident across the Khabur Area inside Syria. Information is out-of Jacobi (1973) and you will my cards.
(5) Syriac got around three basic spoken stems, new peal, the brand new pael, and the afel. To the was basically extra about three inactive stems, molded about first of them from the prefixation off elizabeth[Theta]-: brand new age[Theta]pael, new elizabeth[Theta]paal, together with ettafal. This example can be found while in the NENA. In most NENA languages, verbs commonly stay-in the latest verb categories where these were utilized in before degree of one’s vocabulary. Which is, the brand new descendant off a beneficial Syriac peal verb would be a good NENA Class We verb, and you will a great Syriac pael verb could be an excellent NENA Group II verb: like, Urmi ptaxa ‘open’ from prior to peal, and you can sadure ‘send’ out-of prior to pael. Yet not, in Jewish Azerbaijani, Halabja, and maybe Koy Sanjaq, the class registration could have been reorganized and that’s predictable to the basis of model of the brand new stalk as opposed to its historic source. Including, from inside the Azerbaijani this new C base has the function CaCoC- for voice verbs, almost any their resource, and you can CCaC- to own middle-weak verbs: garosen ‘I are pulling’, but kwasan ‘I (f.) in the morning descending’ (Garbell 1965, 64).
(11) Other most tall creativity during the NENA is the 3rd person copula which have l: ile ‘he is’, ila ‘she is’. This form could possibly get get (Noldeke 1868, 203) regarding i[Theta] leh ‘he has’, but zero copula think its great is based outside NENA. The first and you may next person lack an enthusiastic l, but for the Jewish Azerbaijani, where the l has been general from paradigm: Jilu iwIt ‘you (masc.) are’, Aradhin we:earn ‘I (masc.) am’, Azerbai big’ (Garbell 1965, 64). ile is situated while in the NENA but inside Halabja, with -(y)e: yarxa rahamim-ye ‘it ‘s the week away from mercy’. None Turoyo neither Mandaic keeps forms synchronous so you’re able to ile: Turoyo harke-yo ‘he try here’, harke-no ‘I in the morning here’; Mandaic basim-ye ‘he is actually charming’, basim-na ‘I are charming’ (Macuch 1965, 443).
(19) The old Aramaic keyword for ‘son’, bra for the BT, has been offered in all NENA except Hertevin by the addition of one’s diminutive suffix -ona/-una: Azerbaijan Jewish brona (Garbell 1965, 297), Jilu bruna (Fox 1992, 51), Aradhin bru:na (Krotkoff 1982, 122), Tisqopa brona (Rubba, individual correspondence), Zakho brona (Meehan and Alon 1979, 177). But not, one another Turoyo and you may Mandaic keeps an enthusiastic epenthetic vowel, however, zero suffix: Turoyo ?abro (Jastrow 1985, 221), and you will Mandaic eber or ebra (Macuch 1965, 520).
b) In some instances, Hertevin aligns having Turoyo, against the rest of NENA. It lacks a great CCaCa establish demanding (6), doesn’t have sodir preterite (12), doesn’t have preposition ta (15), and you may uses ruh to form reflexive pronouns (14).
—–. 1965. Brand new Jewish Neo-Aramaic Dialect out-of Persian Azerbaijan: Linguistic Study and you will Folkloristic Texts. Janua Linguarum, show practica 3. This new Hague: Mouton.